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微觀經濟學原理經典課程

Microeconomics Principles

本課程將介紹在較大的經濟體系之下,個人決策者包括消費者和生產者所具備的功能。

伊利諾伊大學香檳分校

Coursera

經濟

簡單(初級)

24 小時

  • 中文, 英語, 西班牙語
  • 41434

課程概況

本課程將介紹在較大的經濟體系之下,個人決策者包括消費者和生產者所具備的功能。課程將側重于產品市場的性質與功能、競爭與壟斷等不定環境下的廠商理論以及政府在經濟效率促進中所扮演的角色。本課有中文字幕

多數人都會誤以為經濟僅僅是對金錢的研究。我在此課程中的首要目標就是要打破這一觀念。 事實上,在過去的50年,經濟學家已經解決了一些對于人類來說最有趣和最重要的問題。比如以下的幾個例子:

愛情與婚姻
為什么離婚率那么高,我們應該怎樣降低離婚率?

關于環境
為什么會有這么多的污染?
瀕危物種有什么價值?

關于犯罪
將大麻合法化會降低犯罪率嗎?

關于勞動力市場
提高聯邦最低薪酬標準會導致人們失業嗎?
在過去的40年,為什么會有如此多的婦女進入勞動力市場?

關于那些您該憂慮的事情
為什么大學教育是一項聰明的投資?亦或者不是呢?
總統候選人為何沒能抓住大學費用這一關鍵問題呢?

關于許多其它的事情
學券制是否會改善公共教育?
為什么一個決議草案就會破壞軍隊?
如何測量一個棒球比賽場地?
為什么coursera會免費開放這門課程?

我們將會考慮的其他問題:
經濟學家會做些什么?以及他們奇怪的思維方式是什么?(基本概念,建模和貿易)
在市場經濟中,決定價格和數量的因素是什么?(供給和需求)
自由市場經濟與社會福利之間的有何關系?(市場效率和政府干預)
稅收的分配效應是什么?(彈性和稅收)
公司的生產與成本有何關系呢?(生產和費用)
競爭型的企業是如何選擇適合自己的高效產出水平的?(有競爭力的輸出)
具有市場影響力的企業的定價策略是什么?(有市場影響力的企業)
多少污染才算重大污染呢?(公共產品、公共資源和外在因素)

課程期間,我們將會討論許多(或更多)這些問題。我的主要目標是將向您展示經濟學家的思維方式以及如何使用該系統回答相關問題,和其他對于人類來說最重要的問題,并分析您在課后生活中的一切事情。最后您很快會找到答案,我相信一切都是經濟學!

This course offers an introduction to the functions of individual decision-makers—both consumers and producers—within the larger economic system. Emphasis is on the nature and functions of product markets, the theory of the firm under varying conditions of competition and monopoly, and the role of government in promoting efficiency in the economy.

Most people make the incorrect assumption that economics is ONLY the study of money. My primary goal in this course is to shatter this belief. During this course, we will be addressing the above questions as well as many more relating to:

-the environment
-love and marriage
-crime
-labor markets
-education
-politics
-sports
-business

My main goal is to show you the way economists think and how to use this analytical system to answer questions related not only to these and other important human issues, but to anything you end up doing with your life after this class. After all, as you will quickly find out, I believe that everything is economics!

課程大綱

第一周: 基本概念、建模和貿易
Welcome to your first week in Microeconomics Principles! As you will quickly see, the things you learn in this class will probably help you see the world in a different way. Economics is not just about money, as you may have incorrectly assumed. On the contrary, as you will learn in this lesson, economics is about how society distributes scarce resources. And, since almost anything in the world is a scarce resource, from fossil fuels to nice guys, we can apply the rules of economics to pretty much anything.

第二周: 供給和需求
Welcome to your second week in Microeconomics Principles! This module we will cover the hallmark framework of the field: the supply and demand model. I am sure that if you knew any economics words before enrolling in this course those two words were supply and demand. This module you will finally learn what all the fuss is about.

第三周: 市場效率與政府干預
Welcome to Week 3! Last module we introduced the supply and demand model to explain how free markets work. One of the main concepts we learned about free markets was that they tend to gravitate toward an “equilibrium” price and quantity. This module we will use the same conceptual model to answer one important question: Are free markets the best way to distribute society’s resources?

第四周: 彈性和稅收
Welcome to the fourth week! This module we will cover one of my favorite economics concepts: elasticity. It is one of my favorites because of how useful it is to analyze policy implications, as well as its usefulness for business managers. This will be obvious to you when you read one of the discussion topics for this module: Should we legalize marijuana?

第五周: 生產和成本
Welcome to your fifth week! This module we will begin covering the theory of the firm, which will take us basically three modules to finish. Economists call this section of the course, "The Economics of the Lemonade Stand." And that title makes perfect sense, since the concepts we cover can be used by anyone, from someone owning a lemonade stand, to a car manufacturing company, to a hair salon, to a burrito stand, etc.

第六周: 有競爭力的產品
Welcome to your sixth week! This module we continue our discussion of the firm by focusing on those firms working in a perfectly competitive (or competitive) environment.

第七周: 有市場影響力的企業
So, why is it that when you fly the person sitting next to you in the plane probably paid a different price for the ticket than what you paid for it? And why does Starbucks charge so much for its coffee even though you can buy coffee at Dunkin’ Donuts for almost half of that price? This module we are finishing our discussion of the firm by focusing on cases that should be more familiar to you than the perfect competition examples we have been using.

第八周:公共產品、共同的資源和外部因素
And so we have arrived at the last week. This course has gone too fast! This module we will be discussing market failures. A market failure is a situation when the market does not do a good job of distributing resources among members of society. In fact, in all of these cases the market IS the problem.

預備知識

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